Choosing a field of study is never an easy decision especially in this part of the world, Nigeria. However, settling for Food Science and Technology (FST) is not a bad idea.
If you love science and you have interest in food preparation and production, this could be an ideal course of study for you. It is however, important to state here that a large count of Food Science and Technology undergraduates and graduates had zero interest in the course at first, but later developed an uncontrollable love within a short period of time into the program. They discovered the unique importance of Food Science and Technology!
Food Science and Technology (FST) is an exciting multidisciplinary field that prepares students with a comprehensive knowledge of the physical, biological, chemical and engineering sciences to >>>
• Understand the nature and composition of food
• Understand the changes that occurs in food during processing, preservation and storaging
• Implement ideal method of food processing, preservation and storaging
• Research and develop new food products
• Design innovative processing technologies
• Improve quality and nutritive value of food
• Test the quality and safety of food
• Invent new recipes for food using new ingredients
• Design processes and machine that make food products on a small, medium or large scale
• Undertake basic and applied research into the aspect of food processing, food quality, food deterioration, etc.
ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR STUDYING FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN NIGERIA
In Nigeria, one can study Food Science and Technology (FST) in several universities and polytechnics. To begin, there are a range of entry requirements you may have to meet. For example, candidates seeking admission through the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) are required to have five (5) credit passes in the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (SSCE) or its equivalent. These should include English Language, Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology/Agricultural Science, Physics, Basic Catering and Food Services, Bakery and Confectioneries, Hotel & Catering Crafty Course (Cookery), Hotel & Catering Craft Course (Food/Drinks Services) and Basic Electricity. The JAMB UTME subject combination needed to study Food Science and Technology (FST) include Chemistry, Mathematics/Physics and Agricultural Science/Biology.
Institutions can have different entry requirements, so read the requirements on their website carefully. You can also check the official JAMB brochure for a list of institutions that offer Food Science and Technology course; their JAMB UTME, O’level and Direct Entry subject combination requirements.
CAREER AND JOB OPPORTUNITIES FOR FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY GRADUATES IN NIGERIA
A graduate of Food Science and Technology with the necessary requirements (with or without “connection”) can become a FOOD ENTREPRENEUR and can as well work in various parts of the economy most especially Agro-Allied Industries, Food/Beverage Industries, Research Institutions, Private/Government Agencies, etc.
• A graduate of Food Science and Technology with the necessary requirements (Entrepreneurial Skills, Startup and Backup Capital, etc.), could venture into the business of food/beverage production. He/She can work privately as a Food Product Developer, Nutrition Consultant, etc.
• A graduate of Food Science and Technology with the necessary requirements can work in the Food-Agro-Allied Industries, Food/Beverage Industries (e.g. Dangote Foods, Sona Agro Allied Foods, Nestle, Olam, Nigerian Bottling Company, UAC Foods, Dufil Prima Plc, Flour Mills of Nigeria Plc, Honeywell Flour Mills Plc, Nigerian Breweries, Bakeries, etc.) as a Graduate Trainee, Quality Control Officer, Regulatory Affairs Officer, Supervisor, Production Officer, Purchasing Manager, etc.
• A graduate of Food Science and Technology with the necessary requirements can work in Tertiary Institutions as a Lecturer, Laboratory Scientist/Technologist, etc.
• A graduate of Food Science and Technology with the necessary requirements can work with Food related Regulatory Agencies, Local and International NGOs and
Research Institutes (e.g. NAFDAC, SON, WHO, UNICEF, IITA, FIIRO, Etc.) as a Researcher, Analyst, Nutritionist, Laboratory
Scientist/Technologist, Food Inspector, etc.
FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ASSOCIATION/BODY IN NIGERIA
National Association of Food Science and Technology Students (NAFSTS) is the body representing Food Science and Technology students in various universities and polytechnics in Nigeria.
Nigerian Institute of Food Science and Technology (NIFST) is the professional body representing Food Scientists and Technologists in Nigeria.
Don’t forget that food is one of the few things in life we can’t live without. That’s why the food industry is thriving.
Keep Calm And Study Food Science And Technology!
By Seyi Dada – Connect with him on Facebook